Colorectal Cancer Screening and Colonoscopy Prep
Although colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the United States, it often goes undetected, according to the American Cancer Society. Symptoms do not usually occur until the disease is advanced and 75% of people diagnosed with colorectal cancer don’t have a family history.
Colorectal cancer affects both men and women equally. Health experts recommend a screening colonoscopy for adults starting at age 45*. Colorectal cancer is highly preventable with early detection and treatment, and a screening colonoscopy is one of the most powerful defenses against colorectal cancer.
What is a Colorectal Cancer Screening?
A colonoscopy is a colorectal cancer screening technique that searches for potentially cancerous polyps (abnormal cell growths) on the inside lining of the colon or rectum. Catching these polyps can stop them from becoming cancer or detect cancer before it spreads.
Colonoscopy Prep – It’s Easier Than You Think
Despite what’s out there, colonoscopies aren’t nearly as difficult as myths suggest.
A colonoscopy prep diet usually includes drinking a large solution to clean your colon. This is why some people avoid a colonoscopy. Physicians often prescribe a split dose, allowing patients to take half the night before, and the remainder the morning of the procedure.
Using a thin, flexible scope with a small, high-definition camera, your surgeon can detect and remove polyps in a single procedure.
Most patients experience minimal discomfort, and you’ll likely receive medicine to relax or sleep through it, so you don’t feel anything. You may have no memory of the experience at all.
The vast majority of patients with colorectal cancers did not have any pain or other symptoms. A colonoscopy may be the only way to prevent or catch cancer early and get you on the fast track to treatment.
Healthy Diet and Controllable Risk Modifications:
A healthy diet is best for good colon health. Some dietary modifications that may help prevent colon cancer include:
- Avoiding processed/cured meats
- Consuming colorful fruits and veggies
- Cutting out saturated fat
- Eating foods high in dietary fiber
- Getting enough omega-3 fatty acids
- Limiting your salt intake
- Reducing alcohol consumption
- Restricting the amount of red meat you eat
Controllable lifestyle risk modifications include:
- Maintaining a healthy body weight
- Stop smoking
- Limiting alcohol use (no more than one drink/day for women and two drinks/day for men)
*If you are 45-49, check with your insurance provider to be sure a screening colonoscopy is covered.
Patient results may vary. Consult your doctor about the benefits and risks of any surgical procedure or treatment.
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